Why Does the Motherboard Get Damaged: A People-First Guide

As the heart of any computer system, the motherboard plays a crucial role in ensuring that all of its components function properly. But what happens when the motherboard gets damaged? In this how-to article, we’ll take a closer look at the causes of motherboard damage, as well as some tips and tricks for preventing it.

What is a Motherboard?

Before diving into the causes of motherboard damage, it’s important to understand what a motherboard is and what it does. The motherboard is the main circuit board in a computer system that connects all of its components together. It acts as a central hub for communication between the processor, memory, storage, and other components, allowing them to work together seamlessly.

What Causes Motherboard Damage?

Now that we have a better understanding of what a motherboard is, let’s take a look at some of the most common causes of motherboard damage.

Power Surges

Power surges occur when there is a sudden spike in the electrical current flowing through your computer system. This can happen as a result of lightning strikes, power outages, or other electrical disturbances. Power surges can damage the sensitive electronics on your motherboard, causing it to malfunction or fail altogether.


As the central hub of your computer system, the motherboard generates a lot of heat. If the heat isn’t dissipated properly, it can build up and cause damage to the motherboard and other components. This can happen if your computer’s cooling system isn’t working properly, if the CPU or graphics card is overclocked, or if the system is in a poorly-ventilated area.

Physical Damage

Motherboards are delicate pieces of hardware, and even a small amount of physical damage can cause them to malfunction or fail. This can happen if the system is dropped, bumped, or otherwise mishandled. It’s important to be careful when moving your computer system, and to make sure that it’s properly secured in place.


Moisture is the enemy of electronics, and the motherboard is no exception. Exposure to moisture can cause the motherboard’s circuits to corrode, leading to malfunctions or failure. This can happen if the system is exposed to rain, spills, or other sources of moisture.

How to Prevent Motherboard Damage

Now that we know what causes motherboard damage, let’s take a look at some tips and tricks for preventing it.

Use a Surge Protector

Using a surge protector can help protect your computer system from power surges. Surge protectors work by diverting excess voltage away from your electronics, preventing damage to the sensitive components on your motherboard.

Keep Your System Cool

Proper cooling is essential for preventing motherboard damage. Make sure that your computer’s cooling system is working properly, and that the system is in a well-ventilated area. If you’re overclocking your CPU or graphics card, make sure that you’re using a high-quality cooling solution to dissipate the extra heat.

Handle Your System with Care

As we mentioned earlier, motherboards are delicate pieces of hardware that can be easily damaged. When moving your computer system, be sure to handle it with care and avoid bumping or dropping it. If you need to transport your system, consider using a padded carrying case to protect it.

Keep Moisture at Bay

To prevent moisture damage, it’s important to keep your computer system away from sources of moisture. If you’re working in a humid environment, consider using a dehumidifier to keep the air dry. If you’re using your system near water or other liquids, be sure to keep them well away from your computer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a bad power supply damage the motherboard?

Yes, a bad power supply can damage the motherboard. If the power supply is supplying too much or too little voltage to the motherboard, it can cause the sensitive electronics on the motherboard to malfunction or fail altogether. It’s important to use a high-quality power supply that’s properly rated for your computer system.

Can a virus damage the motherboard?

While it’s technically possible for a virus to damage the motherboard, it’s highly unlikely. Most viruses are designed to target software rather than hardware, and even if a virus did manage to damage the motherboard, it would likely be a result of the virus modifying the system’s firmware rather than physical damage.

How long do motherboards typically last?

Motherboards can last for several years or more, depending on their quality and usage. However, like any piece of hardware, they can fail unexpectedly due to a variety of factors. It’s important to keep your motherboard and other computer components well-maintained and to replace them if they begin to show signs of wear or malfunction.


In this article, we’ve explored the causes of motherboard damage and some tips and tricks for preventing it. By using a surge protector, keeping your system cool, handling your system with care, and keeping moisture at bay, you can help ensure that your motherboard and other computer components last for years to come. Remember to always use high-quality components and to keep your system well-maintained for optimal performance.

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